What are fragrance notes?
“Fragrance notes are essentially the different scent layers that make up the final fragrance. These scents are split into three distinct elements: top notes, heart notes and base notes. Together, the top, heart and base notes work together to create a beautiful fragrance.”.
Together, the top, heart and base notes work together to create a beautiful fragrance.”
What are fragrance pyramids?
The fragrance pyramid is the composition of a fragrance. The composition is composed of fragrance notes, or ingredients, that create the scent. The three notes are top notes, mid (or heart) notes and base (or dry-down) notes.
Top notes are otherwise called the head notes.
Perceived immediately upon application of a perfume, top notes consist of small, light molecules that evaporate quickly. They form a person’s initial impression of a perfume and thus are very important in the selling of the product. The scents of this note class are usually described as “fresh”, “assertive” or “sharp”. The compounds that contribute to top notes are strong in scent, very volatile, and evaporate quickly.
Although not as saliently perceived, the heart and base-notes contribute much to the scent in the top notes.
Citrus and ginger scents are common top notes.
Also called the “heart notes”, the middle notes are the scent of a perfume that emerges just before the top notes dissipate. The middle note compounds form the “heart” or main body of a perfume and emerge in the middle of the perfume’s dispersion process. They serve to mask the often unpleasant initial impression of base notes, which become more pleasant with time. Not surprisingly, the scent of middle note compounds is usually more mellow and “rounded”.
Scents from this note class disappear anywhere from twenty minutes to one hour after the application of a perfume. The middle notes in this respect form the body of a perfume, this is because as a perfume is being made, the percentage of the oil used for the middle notes is higher than that of the other notes, that is the top and base notes.
Lavender and rose scents are typical middle notes.
The scent of a perfume that appears close to the departure of the middle notes. The base and middle notes together are the main theme of a perfume. Base notes bring depth and solidity to a perfume. Compounds of this class are often the fixatives used to hold and boost the strength of the lighter top and middle notes. Consisting of large, heavy molecules that evaporate slowly, compounds of this class of scents are typically rich and “deep” and are usually not perceived until 30 minutes after the application of the perfume or during the period of perfume dry-down.
Some base notes can still be detectable in excess of twenty-four hours after application, particularly the animalic and musk notes.
Mulled Winter Fruits
A soft fruity accord with dominant notes of blackcurrant, cranberry and raspberry with hints of orange and apple.
A fresh crisp and modern citrus floral accord combining notes of lemongrass, green tea and citrus notes leading to florality of rose, lily, violet and thyme and a base of woods.
A woody spicy accord opening with grapefruit, blood orange, mandarin, lemon, lime, bergamot and mint combined with spicy nutmeg, cardamom, cinnamon and clove with green leaf, galbanum, green violet and fruity hints of apple, cassis and plum on a heart of likely, rose, gardenia, freesia jasmin, violet and orange blossom with base notes of cedarwood, sandalwood, amber, tonka, sweet vanilla and musks.
A fresh crisp top note of pink grapefruit, green apple and freesia opens the fragrance and is supported by a floral heart of rose, pink lotus and violet while resting on a sensuous base of cedarwood, amber and musk.
A smooth, ambery oriental fragrance where fruity accents of bergamot, cassis and tangerine rest upon a sweet floral heart of jasmin, lily of the valley, rose and honey. The base is composed of vanilla, tonka, patchouli, sandal, musk and amber.
A fresh cologne opening with bergamot, lemon and neroli supported by a lingering base of sensual musk, precious woods and cool amber.
A floral accord with aldehydic notes, rose, carnation, jasmin, lily, musk and sandalwood.
A fresh and cool marine accord with opening notes of ozone and fresh floral aldehydes. The heart of the fragrance is complex and clean with pink summer rose and fresh cyclamen while the base is dry and cool with notes of amber, vanilla and sweet musks.
A vivacious floral fragrance where sparkling fig and sweet mandarin rest upon a heart of orange blossom, jasmine and frangipani supported by an amber musk base.
A woody fragrance with dominant notes of sandalwood followed by further notes of cedar resting on a substantive base of vanilla
Family : Woody
A freshly based gingerbread aroma opening with top notes of rich warm spicy ginger blended with mouth-watering notes of cinnamon, orange, buttery biscuit and a whisper of sweet sugary vanilla
Family : Edible